Heart Valve Disease Treatments

Sometimes the only treatment for heart valve disease is close medical supervision, but other treatment options may include medication or surgery to repair or replace the valve. Your specific course of treatment will need to be determined by you physician and will include analysis of:

  • Your age, overall health and medical history
  • Extent of the disease
  • The location of the valve
  • Your signs and symptoms
  • Your tolerance for specific medications, procedures or therapies
  • Expectations for the course of the disease
  • Your opinion or preference

If your doctor determines medication is the best treatment, keep in mind that medication will not cure the disease, but it is quite successful in treating the symptoms. You may be prescribed beta-blockers, digoxin or calcium channel blockers, which reduce the symptoms by controlling the heart rate and atrial fibrillation. In some cases, your doctor may prescribe medications to control blood pressure, such as diuretics or vasodilators.

In some cases, surgical valve repair or replacement is the best option. When repairing a heart valve your surgeon may cut scarred flaps so the valve opens more easily, remodel enlarged valve tissue or insert prosthetic rings to narrow dilated valves. For valve replacement, your surgeon will use either a tissue valve (a valve from either an animal or human) or a mechanical valve (a valve constructed from an artificial material such as metal or plastic)..