Traumatic Brain Injury

An individual experiences a traumatic brain injury when a form of external force causes harm or injury to your brain. External forces such as this can create neurological trauma when it comes from a violent blow to a head or body. Not only can external forces cause harm, but anything that may potentially pierce or penetrate the skull can cause traumatic injury.

Traumatic brain injury can have wide-ranging effects both physical and psychological. Some signs or symptoms of the injury may appear immediately after the traumatic event, while other symptoms may not appear until many days or weeks later.

Mild traumatic brain injury

Not all traumatic brain injuries are severe. In fact, there are brain injuries that exist which are mild in nature and simply cause temporary dysfunction of brain cells. With mild traumatic brain injury it is not expected that a person would suffer from permanent damage.

Some of the typical signs and symptoms of mild traumatic brain injury may include:

  • Being dazed, confused or disoriented
  • Fatigue or drowsiness
  • Headache
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Memory, mood or concentration problems
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Sensitivity to light or sound
  • Sleeping more than usual

Moderate to severe traumatic brain injuries

More serious traumatic brain injury can result in bruising, torn tissues, bleeding and other physical damage to the brain that can result in long-term complications or death.

Moderate to severe traumatic brain injuries can include any of the signs and symptoms of mild injury, as well as the following symptoms:

  • Clear fluids draining from the nose or ears
  • Coma or loss of consciousness for extended period of time
  • Consistent vomiting or nausea
  • Convulsions or seizures
  • Dilation of one or both pupils of the eyes
  • Headache that continues to worsen
  • Inability to awaken from sleep
  • Loss of coordination
  • Loss of sensation or movement in fingers and toes
  • Profound confusion
  • Slurred speech
  • Unusual behavior

More Information

7 Key Benefits of Robotic Surgery

If you or a loved one has been diagnosed with a condition that may require surgery, you owe it to yourself to learn about all your options, including some of the most non-invasive surgical treatments available using robotic surgery. We live in a day and age when there are a myriad of medical advancements that can help us to live healthier, stronger and longer lives.

Through the use of robotic-assisted surgery, surgeons are now able to offer minimally invasive and more precise options for many complex surgical procedures—from knee replacements to cancer treatment.

To operate using the robotic system, a surgeon makes tiny incisions in the body and inserts miniaturized instruments and a high-definition three-dimensional camera. Sometimes skin incisions are not required at all. Then, from a nearby console, the surgeon manipulates those instruments to perform the operation.

During a robotic-assisted procedure, the surgeon uses master controls to manipulate the instruments, and the instruments translate that surgeon’s movements into precise movements inside your body. The surgeon is in control the whole time. The surgical system simply responds to the direction he or she provides.

For most patients, robotic surgery offers numerous benefits, including:
  • Reduced post-surgery pain
  • Less blood loss
  • Fewer and smaller scars
  • Increased precision for more accurate joint replacements
  • Faster recovery
  • Shorter hospital stay
  • Less risk of infection

Types of Robotic Surgery

Depending on the condition needed to be treated, there are different robotic surgery options. Not all hospitals offer all types, and some hospitals may have additional or other systems that use the same principles.

The systems allow for superior visualization, enhanced dexterity and improved control. If you feel that robotic surgery might be an appropriate treatment option for you, talk with your doctor to find out if you are a candidate for these innovative treatments.


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